More Activities in Nepal

16 March 2017

Deren, Savas, Ina, Dragos, Shrija, Naresh , Megha shared about 15 march experience on visit to Kathmandu Municipality Office. There they attended a lecture given by KMC official, Mr Rajaram Karmachrya. They learned how waste is been handled in Kathmandu from individual homes to the final landfill site in Nuwakot (Sisdol). They learned that, “Waste can be managed only if an individual is aware and starts initiatives from own.” Volunteers shared about the scenario of waste in Kathmandu and in Nepal. Volunteers also visited Teku waste dumping site, where waste is collected from Kathmandu for a time, before being transferred to the Nuwakot Sisdol landfill.

Interview with Mr. Rajaram Karmachrya was also conducted in his office. Volunteers asked him about the current waste management in Kathmandu, about his role as a municipality official, about ongoing and future state projects in this area. Volunteers also observed the work space and conditions of the Kabbadi (who collect waste such as metal, plastics, paper and bottles for reuse and recycling).

Today volunteers will visit Kirtipur Waste Management Service- Blue Waste in Kirtipur, a private organization who collects waste from neighbouring household and converts it into compost, reused paper products, women groups will be interviewed.


17 March, 2017

Volunteers shared their experience about visit to Blue Waste in Kirtipur, who collects waste from 600 nearby households on 16th of march. They separate collected waste into organic and inorganic waste; they also separate paper, plastics, fabric and bottles. They send PET bottles for recycling to India, paper for recycling to Hatiban, kathmandu and the organic waste is made into compost in machines, Pit Composting and Vermi composting. They sell the compost made. Aldo, volunteers came to learn about the composting process. Local women’s groups repurpose papers and plastics to craft objects which are then also sold.

Later, volunteers were explained about Bin composting training which will be given tomorrow to the group of local people of 30 in number. The procedure of training was briefed and the roles of volunteers were explained. The Romanian volunteers then worked with designing the flyers for workshop while the Turkish volunteers prepared some Turkish food dolma, tirsik and cacik, which are traditional Turkish dishes.

At the end, volunteers filled the documentation form resembling their whole week activities, sharing, experiences, learnings and about trainings.



Community Outreach for Better Waste Management

By Deren Yeral, Shrija Tuladhar and Ina Beleiu


Saturday’s activity was in answer to the question “How is compost made?”

The training was carried out in ward no 10 in Baneshwor, Kathmandu on 18th March 2017, by TUDE organization in collaboration with community members and volunteers. The main objectives were to raise awareness in the community and to teach local women how to practice composting in their own homes, in order to reduce and better manage household waste.

The workshop started with brief introductions from the organizations involved, followed by general information on waste management and more specific information about the composting process.

The local women who participated in the training set the tone for a lovely morning, with their mannerism, their colorful clothes, their bright smiles. They were all very engaged in the program, one could clearly see their enthusiasm. They didn’t just listen to the speech, they asked many questions, some even offered suggestions. A lot of the participants were aware of the importance of waste management, but were not doing anything to put their knowledge into practice. While some of them were already composting in their homes, but in misguided, if original, ways. For example, one participant was using empty rice sacks.

Composting Process

To start your own home compost bin you need well, a bin. This can be bought, or if you are more if a DIY type, you can make it by drilling holes in a bucket. Then you need two more buckets (or big bowls), gloves, face mask, sawdust, sugar, water, and of course, organic waste.

First you should make sure the organic waste you will use is cut into small pieces, and that no inorganic bits have accidentally found their way in. To start your home composting process, you mix 1 liter of EM1 (Effective Microorganism) with 20 liters of water, then add 1 liter of molasses or of sugar solution (1 kg of sugar mixed with 1 liter of water). This will be referred to as the EM1 solution.

The next step is to make Bokashi. To prepare this, you mix sawdust with the EM1 solution, but only a little at a time so that the mixture is not too moist. Use your hands to make round balls of sawdust and EM1. The Bokashi should be about fist-sized, should not drip too much when you squeeze them, and should not break when thrown in the bin from waist height.

Line your compost bin with old newspapers, and a layer of garden soil. Then add Bokashi, then organic waste, and keep layering like that until your bin is about 50-60% full. Now all you have to do is place your bin in a dark place, and keep an eye on it for a few days to see if insects are present. If yes, then just add some EM1 solution. After 20 to 30 days your compost will be ready for use, and you can start using it in your garden.

Some things to keep in mind as you prepare: don’t include meat, bones, and liquid waste like soup in the organic waste you will use; they molasses/sugar solution is optional, but if added it speeds up the process by acting as food for the microorganisms.

Overall there was a good combination of friendly energy and interest in the topic, and even though our trainers seemed tired at the end, the workshop was a success.

One of the results could immediately be seen, as when tea was served, the women refused to use plastic cups, instead sending for eco-friendly ones. More long term results will be observed in the coming months, as home visits will be conducted to see how the women apply what they learned, and to offer more information and support.